Category Archives: Social Security Requirements

How to Apply for Social Security Benefits

When applying for social security benefits bring the appropriate information for your application to be approved. This includes information on:

applying for social security benefits

If you are applying for Retirement or Medicare:

Information about you

  • Your date and place of birth and Social Security number;
  • The name, Social Security number and date of birth or age of your current spouse and any former spouse. You should also know the dates and places of marriage and dates of divorce or death (if appropriate);
  • The names of any unmarried children under 18, 18-19 and in secondary school or disabled before age 22;
  • Your bank or other financial institution’s Routing Transit Number and the account number.
  • Your citizenship status;
  • Whether you or anyone else has ever filed for Social Security benefits, Medicare or Supplemental Security Income on your behalf (if so, we will also ask for information on whose Social Security record you applied);
  • Whether you have used any other Social Security number;
  • If you are applying for retirement benefits, the month you want your benefits to begin; and
  • If you are within 3 months of age 65, whether you want to enroll in Medical Insurance (Part B of Medicare).

Information about work

  • The name and address of your employer(s) for this year and last year;
  • The amount of money earned last year and this year. If you are filing for benefits in the months of September through December, you will also need to estimate next year’s earnings;
  • A copy of your Social Security Statement or a record of your earnings. If you do not have a Statement, you can view your Social Security Statement online by creating an account and signing in with us. Even if you do not have a record of your earnings or you are not sure if they are correct, please fill out the application. We will help you review your earnings when you apply;
  • The beginning and ending dates of any active U.S. military service you had before 1968;
  • Whether you became unable to work because of illnesses, injuries or conditions at any time within the past 14 months. If “Yes,” we will also ask the date you became unable to work;
  • Whether you or your spouse have ever worked for the railroad industry;
  • Whether you have earned Social Security credits under another country’s social security system; and
  • Whether you qualified for or expect to receive a pension or annuity based on your own employment with the Federal government of the United States or one of its States or local subdivisions.

Documents to bring with you

  • your original birth certificate or other proof of birth [more info] (You may also submit a copy of your birth certificate certified by the issuing agency);
  • proof of U.S. citizenship or lawful alien status if you were not born in the United States [more info];
  • a copy of your U.S. military service paper(s) (e.g., DD-214 – Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty) if you had military service before 1968; [more info]; and
  • a copy of your W-2 form(s) [more info] and/or self-employment tax return [more info] for last year.

If you are a Spouse or Divorced Spouse

You may be asked to provide any of the following documents to show that you are eligible

  • Birth certificate or other proof of birth;
  • Proof of U.S. citizenship or lawful alien status if you were not born in the United States [More Info];
  • U.S. military discharge paper(s) if you had military service before 1968;
  • W-2 forms(s) and/or self-employment tax returns for last year.
  • Final divorce decree, if applying as a divorced spouse; and
  • Marriage certificate.

If you are a child

  • Your birth certificate or other proof of birth;
  • Proof of U.S. citizenship or lawful alien status if you were not born in the United States [More Info];
  • U.S. military discharge paper(s); and
  • W-2 forms(s) and/or self-employment tax returns for last year.

Apply for social security benefits

You Can Apply For Social Security

Online – Fill out the Social Security Retirement/Medicare Benefit Application to apply for retirement, spouse’s, ex-spouse’s or Medicare benefits.

By phone – Call 1-800-772-1213. If you are deaf or hard of hearing, you can call TTY 1-800-325-0778.

In personCall to make an appointment and visit your local Social Security office.

If you do not live in the U.S. or one of its territories you can contact the nearest U.S. Social Security office, U.S. Embassy or consulate.

When am I eligible for Social Security Benefits

How to become eligible for Social Security benefits

To qualify for retirement benefits you must have paid into Social Security tax while you were working and earned “credits” toward benefits. The number of credits you need to be eligible for social security benefits depends on the year that you are born.  If your birth year is 1929 or later, you must have 40 credits, the equivalent of 10 years of work. Social security benefits can not be paid until the required amount of credits is obtained.

Determining how much Social Security you will receive

When to apply to social security

The Social Security payment that you will receive is based on the amount you earned during your working career. The more money you earned the higher your benefit. Other factors such as the age at which you start pulling from your Social Security also affect the payment amount.

Create a mySocialSecurity account to look at your Social Security statement.

When you are eligible for Social Security Benefits 

The full retirement age varies (see figure below). If you have a retirement age of 66 then you would be able to start drawing on your social security with a 25% penalty at age 62. In addition, if you choose to delay collecting each year, up to age 70, your benefits are increased by 8%.

If you were born in … Your full retirement age is …
1937 or earlier 65
1938 65 and 2 months
1939 65 and 4 months
1940 65 and 6 months
1941 65 and 8 months
1942 65 and 10 months
1943-1954 66
1955 66 and 2 months
1956 66 and 4 months
1957 66 and 6 months
1958 66 and 8 months
1959 66 and 10 months
1960 or later 67

Factors to consider

When deciding if you want to take money from your Social Security, there are many factors to consider. Taking money out too soon could mean settling for lower monthly payments.

Eligible for social security benefits
Photo credit: forthepeople.com

1. Your instant cash needs. If you are financially sound without the help of social security then it is better to leave your social security and gain 8% interest per year until you have to start taking it. If you are just making ends meet with the help of a social security check, postponing retirement till you meet your full requirement age, is a better option.

2. Your life expectancy and break even age.  If you take your social security before your full time retirement age, you will be receiving a lower payment each month for a longer period of time. The alternative is taking social security later and receiving fewer larger checks.

Calculate your break even age to plan when the best time to apply for your benefits in order to optimize your benefits.

Monthly Social Security benefits Retirement age Break-even age
$1,992 62 vs. 66 Between 77 and 78
$2,676 62 vs. 70 Between 80 and 81
$3,557 66 vs. 70 Between 83 and 84